Space missions are expensive, and sending the smallest aircraft to space can cost somewhere between $62 million to $450 million. Being the most potent US government agency for studying the cosmos, NASA spends billions of dollars every year for their expeditions into space.
Technological advancement is on the verge of cost-cutting these huge space expeditions by a considerable amount. By sending small scale satellites instead of an actual 230-foot-tall Falcon 9, which costs more money, energy, resources, and people, NASA is planning to send small scale satellites instead of a real space rocket to study the secrets of the cosmos.
NASA is planning to launch four new space projects with small-scale satellites with a fraction of its former space missions budget. The Pioneers space program, which is curbed at $20 million for each space mission, is the newest cost-cutting method in the NASA expedition lineup for 2021.
NASA will squeeze their tiny budget to study outer space, including the galaxies and other exoplanets, floating outside human knowledge. These four missions will be accompanied by NASA’s space balloons and tiny satellites, which will cost ¼ of the actual space missions.
NASA plans to study the planets, stars, and other astronomical objects while experimenting with their budget. Compared to the former missions, the Pioneers space program will challenge the scientists to investigate the secrets of space with a new out-of-the-box perspective and a new budget.
The US government is responsible for dispensing the budget to NASA. With this approach, NASA can complete more space missions with the same budget and bring forth discoveries of the universe.
Each of these missions will carry new expectations and new technology that no other NASA mission or object achieved in the history of space expeditions. If the Pioneers space program succeeds in its excursions, humanity might reap a great benefit as quoted by Elon Musk “If we drive down the cost of transportation in space, we can do great things.”
Among the four satellites that will be launched in outer space, the Aspera mission will bind the mysteries behind the ultraviolet wavelength to study the hot gases between two or more galaxies. Currently, there are more than two trillion galaxies known to human beings, and we are yet to discover their compositions, masses, and size. Pandora, the second-in-line satellite after the Aspera mission, will likely study the 39 exoplanets known to space biology researchers. It will also analyze the existence of 20 stars, creating a new field of study between the starlight effect of habitable exoplanets in the universe.
After Pandora, PUEO, a small-scale satellite, will be launched from Antarctica to study the ultra-high energy neutrinos in space. These energy-filled neutrinos will be crucial for the new mission, as studying them can unravel the enigma behind the creation of black holes in the cosmos.
Finally, the newest edition to the small-scale satellites, StarBurst, will be studying the rays from the infamous and untouched neutron stars. A neutron star is the most challenging object to find after the black hole. It is believed that a single neutron star can engulf galaxies, and its mass can be equated between 10 and 25 solar masses. According to NASA’s research, a single neutron star is the smallest extraterrestrial object with a radius of 10 kilometers and a mass of 1.4 solar masses.
NASA’s new approach will cut-down high costs in future space expeditions. By using small-scale satellites and space-balloons, NASA can uncover new possibilities and discoveries in outer space by spending a fraction of their original rocked based missions. The new perspective will save millions of dollars, and by using robotic technology, fluctuations in the celestial bodies can be tracked without actually visiting the cosmos in-person.